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Improvements in fuel cell designImprovements in fuel cell design

Rediscovering Venus to find faraway earths

Archaeologists discover bronze remains of Iron Age chariot

Researchers resolve the Karakoram glacier anomaly, a cold case of climate science

Fish tale: New study evaluates antibiotic content in farm-raised fishFish tale: New study evaluates antibiotic content in farm-raised fish

New 3-D display technology promises greater energy efficiencyNew 3-D display technology promises greater energy efficiency

Researchers break nano barrier to engineer the first protein microfiberResearchers break nano barrier to engineer the first protein microfiber

Magnetic mirrors enable new technologies by reflecting light in uncanny ways

Structure of an iron-transport protein revealedStructure of an iron-transport protein revealed

First step: From human cells to tissue-engineered esophagusFirst step: From human cells to tissue-engineered esophagus

Lift weights, improve your memory

Spiders: Survival of the fittest group

Autophagy helps fast track stem cell activationAutophagy helps fast track stem cell activation

Myelin vital for learning new practical skillsMyelin vital for learning new practical skills

More physical activity improved school performanceMore physical activity improved school performance

Around the world in 400,000 years: The journey of the red foxAround the world in 400,000 years: The journey of the red fox

Engineering new vehicle powertrainsEngineering new vehicle powertrains

Active aging is much more than exerciseActive aging is much more than exercise

Study: New device can slow, reverse heart failureStudy: New device can slow, reverse heart failure

Are the world's religions ready for ET?Are the world's religions ready for ET?

Gut bacteria, artificial sweeteners and glucose intoleranceGut bacteria, artificial sweeteners and glucose intolerance

Recreating the stripe patterns found in animals by engineering synthetic gene networksRecreating the stripe patterns found in animals by engineering synthetic gene networks

Laying the groundwork for data-driven scienceLaying the groundwork for data-driven science

Nature's designs inspire research into new light-based technologiesNature's designs inspire research into new light-based technologies

Missing piece found to help solve concussion puzzleMissing piece found to help solve concussion puzzle

Biologists delay the aging process by 'remote control'Biologists delay the aging process by 'remote control'

Geography matters: Model predicts how local 'shocks' influence U.S. economyGeography matters: Model predicts how local 'shocks' influence U.S. economy

Identified for the first time what kind of explosive has been used after the detonationIdentified for the first time what kind of explosive has been used after the detonation

Copied from nature: Detecting software errors via genetic algorithmsCopied from nature: Detecting software errors via genetic algorithms

Parenting Bulletin - September 2013 Archives

Study finds daytime naps enhance learning in preschool children (9/30/2013)

Study finds daytime naps enhance learning in preschool children"Essentially we are the first to report evidence that naps are important for preschool children," Spencer says. "Our study shows that naps help the kids better remember what they are learning in preschool." Results appear in the current issue of Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. ...> Full Article

Bedsharing associated with longer breastfeeding, study warns of bedsharing risk (9/29/2013)

Frequent bedsharing between a mother and infant was associated with longer duration of breastfeeding, but researchers warned of the risk of sudden infant death syndrome associated with bedsharing, in a study by Yi Huang, Ph.D., of the University of Maryland, Baltimore, and colleagues. ...> Full Article

Breastfeeding fraught with early challenges for many first-time mothers (9/28/2013)

A new study shows that new moms who report early concerns or problems with breastfeeding are nearly 10 times more likely to abandon breastfeeding within two months. ...> Full Article

Why do you want to eat the baby? (9/27/2013)

What woman has not wanted to gobble up a baby placed in her arms, even if the baby is not hers? This reaction, which everyone has noticed or felt, could have biological underpinnings related to maternal functions. ...> Full Article

Why parents think your partner isn't good enough (9/26/2013)

It is common for parents to influence mate choice -- from arranged marriages to more subtle forms of persuasion -- but they often disagree with their children about what makes a suitable partner. A new study has found an evolutionary explanation for why some parents try to control who their children pair up with. ...> Full Article

Researchers find what stresses parents with a chronically ill child (9/25/2013)

The extra demands on parents of chronically ill children cause stress that affects the whole family, according to a systematic review conducted by Case Western Reserve University researchers that also explored what factors in the child's care most contribute to the added strain. ...> Full Article

Why kids breathe easier in summer (9/24/2013)

Until now, researchers believed that asthma, allergies, and respiratory infections contributed to disorders that affect children's breathing during sleep. Now a new study from Tel Aviv University demonstrates that, contrary to this belief, viruses alone may be responsible for the seasonal variation seen in children. ...> Full Article

New study evaluates the risk of birth defects among women who take antihistamines in pregnancy (9/23/2013)

Antihistamines are a group of medications that are used to treat various conditions, including allergies and nausea and vomiting. Some antihistamines require a prescription, but most are available over-the-counter, and both prescription and OTC antihistamines are often used by women during pregnancy. Until recently, little information was available to women and their health care providers on the possible risks and relative safety of these medications in pregnancy, particularly when it came to specific birth defects. ...> Full Article

Driven to clean: Nesting instinct among pregnant women has an evolutionary backstory (9/22/2013)

The overwhelming urge that drives many pregnant women to clean, organize and get life in order -- otherwise known as nesting -- is not irrational, but an adaptive behavior stemming from humans' evolutionary past. ...> Full Article

Diets low in polyunsaturated fatty acids may be a problem for youngsters (9/21/2013)

In the first study to closely examine the polyunsaturated fatty acid intake among US children under the age of five, Sarah Keim, Ph.D., principal investigator in the Center for Biobehavioral Health at The Research Institute at Nationwide Children's Hospital, has found what might be a troubling deficit in the diet of many youngsters. ...> Full Article

Young people choose education based on parents' background (9/20/2013)

Even though Danish students have equal access to education, their choice of studies is still influenced by social class. Young people from working class backgrounds are motivated by studies with a clear job profile and high income, while prestige and studies with a strong identity appeal to young people of parents with university degrees when choosing which studies to pursue. This is what researchers from the University of Copenhagen conclude in a new study. ...> Full Article

Diet during pregnancy and early life affects children's behavior and intelligence (9/20/2013)

The statement "you are what you eat" is significant for the development of optimum mental performance in children as evidence is accumulating to show that nutrition pre-birth and in early life "programmes" long term health, well being, brain development and mental performance and that certain nutrients are important to this process. ...> Full Article

Who's got guts? Young infants expect animals to have insides (9/19/2013)

Who's got guts? Young infants expect animals to have insidesA team of researchers at the University of Illinois has shown that 8-month-old infants expect objects they identify as animals to have insides. ...> Full Article

American families taking 'divergent paths,' study finds (9/18/2013)

After a period of relative calm during the 1990s, rapid changes in American families began anew during the 2000s, a new analysis suggests. ...> Full Article

5-fold increase in ADHD medication use in children and adolescents (9/18/2013)

5-fold increase in ADHD medication use in children and adolescentsUse of stimulant medications to treat Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in children and adolescents has increased significantly over the past several years. This trend toward increased use of prescription stimulants extends beyond ADHD to other types of neuropsychiatric disorders in children and teens as well, including Autism Spectrum Disorder, according to a study published in Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology. ...> Full Article

Teens interested in healthy minds -- and ripped bodies (9/18/2013)

In a recent study on adolescent perceptions surrounding physical activity, James Gavin, professor in Concordia University's Department of Applied Human Sciences, found that teens are just as aware of the mental benefits of exercise -- such as increased confidence, self-esteem and autonomy -- as they are of physical benefits. ...> Full Article

Study finds antisocial texting by teens linked to bad behavior (9/17/2013)

University of Texas at Dallas researchers published a new study online in the Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology examining antisocial texting habits in teenagers as a predictor for later deviant behavior. Dr. Samuel Ehrenreich and colleagues tracked teenagers' texts throughout the ninth grade. Self-reports and parent/teacher assessments revealed that students who texted about antisocial behaviors, such as fighting or drug use, were more likely to engage in the activities by the end of the year. ...> Full Article

Children referred for chest pain rarely have cardiac disease (9/17/2013)

Employing a unique quality improvement methodology, called Standardized Clinical Assessment and Management Plans, physicians have demonstrated that chest pain in children, rarely caused by heart disease, can be effectively evaluated in the ambulatory setting using minimal resources, even across a diverse patient population. ...> Full Article

Autistic children with better motor skills more adept at socializing (9/17/2013)

In a new study looking at toddlers and preschoolers with autism, researchers found that children with better motor skills were more adept at socializing and communicating. ...> Full Article

New research provides crucial insight into lives of children in care (9/16/2013)

The Care Pathways and Outcomes Study is one of only a small number of studies worldwide that has taken a long-term comparative approach, providing vital information for practitioners. It followed a group of 374 children in care in Northern Ireland, over a 10 year period from 2000 to 2010. ...> Full Article

5 percent of US children, teens classified as 'severely obese' (9/16/2013)

About five percent of American children and teens are severely obese -- putting them at high risk for premature heart disease and type 2 diabetes. Severe obesity is a newly defined class of risk, and effective treatment options for these children are limited. ...> Full Article

Bilingual education has spillover effect (9/16/2013)

Bilingual education has spillover effectBilingual education programs have a substantial spillover effect on the students they're not designed for, according to a groundbreaking study co-authored by a Michigan State University scholar. ...> Full Article

Testes size correlates with men's involvement in toddler care (9/15/2013)

Men with smaller testes are more likely to be involved in hands-on care of their toddlers, a study by Emory University anthropologists finds. Smaller testicular volumes also correlate with more nurturing-related brain activity in fathers. The data suggest that the biology of human males reflects a trade-off between investments in mating versus parenting effort. The goal of the research is to determine why some fathers invest more energy in parenting than others. ...> Full Article

1 baby in every 46 born with a congenital anomaly says new report (9/14/2013)

One baby in every 46 was born with a congenital anomaly in 2011 according to the third annual report by the British Isles Network of Congenital Anomaly Registers, released today (Friday 6 September 2013). ...> Full Article

What are the risks of student cyberbullying? (9/13/2013)

Details of a survey of middle and high school student attitudes to cyberbullying and online safety will be published in the International Journal of Social Media and Interactive Learning Environments. The analysis of the results shows that many children are bullied and few understand internet safety. ...> Full Article

Help-seeking patterns of young adults focus of new study (9/12/2013)

Help-seeking patterns of young adults focus of new studyAccording to Sarah Narendorf, an assistant professor at the University of Houston Graduate College of Social Work, young adults with untreated mental disorders often find themselves seeking urgent care through expensive, psychiatric emergency room services. ...> Full Article

NIH program explores the use of genomic sequencing in newborn healthcare (9/11/2013)

Can sequencing newborns' genomes provide useful medical information beyond what current newborn screening already provides? Pilot projects to examine this question are being funded by the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development and the National Human Genome Research Institute. Awards of $5 million to four grantees have been made under the Genomic Sequencing and Newborn Screening Disorders research program. The program will be funded at $25 million over five years. ...> Full Article

Using harsh verbal discipline with teens found to be harmful (9/10/2013)

A longitudinal study of 967 two-parent families and their children has found that harsh verbal discipline, the psychological force causing emotional pain or discomfort to correct or control behavior, in early adolescence can be harmful to teens later. Researchers found that harsh verbal discipline can cause teens to misbehave at school, lie to parents, steal, or fight. Moreover, parents' hostility increases the risk of delinquency and fosters anger, irritability, and belligerence in adolescents. ...> Full Article

Why parenting can never have a rule book (9/9/2013)

Any parent will tell you that there is no simple recipe for raising a child. Being a parent means getting hefty doses of advice -- often unsolicited -- from others. But such advice often fails to consider a critical factor: The child. A new review of dozens of studies involving more than 14,600 pairs of twins shows that children's genetics significantly affect how they are parented. ...> Full Article

Kids' fast food ads emphasize giveaways more than food (9/8/2013)

Fast-food marketing aimed at children emphasizes giveaways and movie tie-ins much more frequently than ads targeted at adults, according to research published August 28 in the open access journal PLOS ONE by James Sargent and colleagues from the Geisel School of Medicine, Dartmouth. ...> Full Article

Autistic children can outgrow difficulty understanding visual cues and sounds (9/8/2013)

Scientists at Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University have shown that high-functioning autism spectrum disorder children appear to outgrow a critical social communication disability. Younger children with ASD have trouble integrating the auditory and visual cues associated with speech, but the researchers found that the problem clears up in adolescence. The study was published today in the online edition of the journal Cerebral Cortex. ...> Full Article

Study reveals new approach to remedying childhood visual disorders (9/7/2013)

By discovering the role of key neurons that mediate an important part of vision development, UC Irvine and UCLA neurobiologists have revealed a new approach to correcting visual disorders in children who suffer from early cataracts or amblyopia, also known as lazy eye. ...> Full Article

Video games do not make vulnerable teens more violent (9/6/2013)

Do violent video games such as "Mortal Kombat," "Halo" and "Grand Theft Auto" trigger teenagers with symptoms of depression or attention deficit disorder to become aggressive bullies or delinquents? No, according to Christopher Ferguson of Stetson University and independent researcher Cheryl Olson from the US in a study published in Springer's Journal of Youth and Adolescence. ...> Full Article

Preschoolers who stutter do just fine emotionally and socially, study finds (9/5/2013)

Stuttering may be more common than previously thought, but preschool stutterers fair better than first thought, a study by The University of Melbourne, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute and The University of Sydney has found. ...> Full Article

Teen driver music preferences increase errors and distractibility -- Ben-Gurion U. study (9/4/2013)

When the teen drivers listened to their preferred music, virtually all (98 percent) demonstrated an average of three deficient driving behaviors in at least one of the trips. Nearly a third of those (32 percent) required a a sudden verbal warning or command for action, and 20 percent needed an assisted steering or braking maneuver to prevent an imminent accident. These errors included speeding, tailgating, careless lane switching, passing vehicles and one-handed driving. ...> Full Article

Women who receive midwife care throughout their pregnancy and birth have better outcomes (9/3/2013)

Maternity care that involves a midwife as the main care provider leads to better outcomes for most women, according to a systematic review published in The Cochrane Library. Researchers found that women who received continued care throughout pregnancy and birth from a small group of midwives were less likely to give birth pre-term and required fewer interventions during labour and birth than when their care was shared between different obstetricians, GPs and midwives. ...> Full Article

The How-to Parenting Program improves the mental health of children (9/2/2013)

While children of all ages will be heading back to school in a few days, a new study from the Université de Montréal may encourage their parents to return to the classroom themselves... at least for a few evenings! The results of a study in developmental psychology published in the Journal of Child and Family Studies show that the How-to Parenting Program improves the mental health of children. ...> Full Article

New research reveals long-term benefits of emergency safe spaces for children (9/1/2013)

Spaces built to keep children safe after an emergency or conflict can also help them recover from trauma, new Columbia University and World Vision research shows. ...> Full Article

New Articles
Certain parenting tactics could lead to materialistic attitudes in adulthoodCertain parenting tactics could lead to materialistic attitudes in adulthood

Even expectant dads experience prenatal hormone changes

A 2-minute delay in cutting the umbilical cord leads to a better development of newborns

Study finds low weight gain in pregnant women reduces male fetal survivalStudy finds low weight gain in pregnant women reduces male fetal survival

Prenatal exposure to common household chemicals linked with substantial drop in child IQ

Are you helping your toddler's aggressive behavior?

Punishing kids for lying just doesn't work

Higher birth weight indicates better performance in school

Are the benefits of breast milk stimulant worth the risk?

Many chest X-rays in children are unnecessaryMany chest X-rays in children are unnecessary

Why does physical activity during childhood matter?

Heavier newborns show academic edge in school

Why don't children belong to the clean plate club?Why don't children belong to the clean plate club?

New study examines the effect of timing of folic acid supplementation during pregnancy

Full-day preschool linked with increased school readiness compared with part-day

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