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Improvements in fuel cell designImprovements in fuel cell design

Rediscovering Venus to find faraway earths

Archaeologists discover bronze remains of Iron Age chariot

Researchers resolve the Karakoram glacier anomaly, a cold case of climate science

Fish tale: New study evaluates antibiotic content in farm-raised fishFish tale: New study evaluates antibiotic content in farm-raised fish

New 3-D display technology promises greater energy efficiencyNew 3-D display technology promises greater energy efficiency

Researchers break nano barrier to engineer the first protein microfiberResearchers break nano barrier to engineer the first protein microfiber

Magnetic mirrors enable new technologies by reflecting light in uncanny ways

Structure of an iron-transport protein revealedStructure of an iron-transport protein revealed

First step: From human cells to tissue-engineered esophagusFirst step: From human cells to tissue-engineered esophagus

Lift weights, improve your memory

Spiders: Survival of the fittest group

Autophagy helps fast track stem cell activationAutophagy helps fast track stem cell activation

Myelin vital for learning new practical skillsMyelin vital for learning new practical skills

More physical activity improved school performanceMore physical activity improved school performance

Around the world in 400,000 years: The journey of the red foxAround the world in 400,000 years: The journey of the red fox

Engineering new vehicle powertrainsEngineering new vehicle powertrains

Active aging is much more than exerciseActive aging is much more than exercise

Study: New device can slow, reverse heart failureStudy: New device can slow, reverse heart failure

Are the world's religions ready for ET?Are the world's religions ready for ET?

Gut bacteria, artificial sweeteners and glucose intoleranceGut bacteria, artificial sweeteners and glucose intolerance

Recreating the stripe patterns found in animals by engineering synthetic gene networksRecreating the stripe patterns found in animals by engineering synthetic gene networks

Laying the groundwork for data-driven scienceLaying the groundwork for data-driven science

Nature's designs inspire research into new light-based technologiesNature's designs inspire research into new light-based technologies

Missing piece found to help solve concussion puzzleMissing piece found to help solve concussion puzzle

Biologists delay the aging process by 'remote control'Biologists delay the aging process by 'remote control'

Geography matters: Model predicts how local 'shocks' influence U.S. economyGeography matters: Model predicts how local 'shocks' influence U.S. economy

Identified for the first time what kind of explosive has been used after the detonationIdentified for the first time what kind of explosive has been used after the detonation

Copied from nature: Detecting software errors via genetic algorithmsCopied from nature: Detecting software errors via genetic algorithms

Parenting Bulletin - October 2013 Archives

Vinyl flooring linked to potentially harmful substances at schools and daycare centers (10/31/2013)

Large areas of vinyl flooring in daycares and schools appear to expose children to a group of compounds called phthalates, which have been linked to reproductive and developmental problems, scientists are reporting. They published their results on the ubiquitous plastic ingredients in the ACS journal Environmental Science & Technology. ...> Full Article

How are children affected by maternal anxiety and depression? (10/31/2013)

Maternal symptoms of anxiety and depression increased the risk of emotional and disruptive problem behaviors in children as early as 18 months of age, according to new research findings from the TOPP study. The risk persisted into adolescence and also gave an increased risk of depressive symptoms. The study is published in the Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics. ...> Full Article

What a difference a grade makes (10/30/2013)

Children with attention problems that emerge in first grade show poorer school performance for years afterward, including scoring lower on fifth grade reading. The poor performance occurred even if the attention problems were fleeting and improved after first grade. By contrast, children who developed attention problems starting in second grade performed as well as their peers in later years. ...> Full Article

Baby's innate number sense predicts future math skill (10/29/2013)

Baby's innate number sense predicts future math skillA new study from Duke suggests that the strength of an infant's innate sense of numerical quantities can be predictive of that child's mathematical abilities three years later. ...> Full Article

Miscarriage perceptions vs. reality: Public understanding not in sync with facts (10/28/2013)

The majority of Americans inaccurately believe miscarriage is rare and misunderstand its causes, creating an often isolating and guilt-ridden experience for those who experience it. These are the findings in the first-ever national survey to assess attitudes and perceptions towards miscarriage, which was conducted by researchers at Montefiore Medical Center and the Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University. The study data was presented today at the American Society for Reproductive Medicine in Boston. ...> Full Article

New study finds spike in sugary drink consumption among California adolescents (10/27/2013)

While consumption of soda and other sugary drinks among young children in California is starting to decline, a new study released today by the UCLA Center for Health Policy Research and the California Center for Public Health Advocacy shows an alarming 8 percent spike among adolescents, the biggest consumers of these beverages. ...> Full Article

Managing children's screen time: What parents need to know (10/27/2013)

UC research is represented among the national, regional and local experts to be featured at a Cincinnati symposium. ...> Full Article

All probiotics are not the same in protecting premature infants from common, life-threatening illness (10/26/2013)

Treating premature infants with probiotics, the dietary supplements containing live bacteria that many adults take to help maintain their natural intestinal balance, may be effective for preventing a common and life-threatening bowel disease among premature infants, researchers at UC Davis Children's Hospital have found. ...> Full Article

A mother's high cholesterol before pregnancy can be passed on to her children (10/26/2013)

What leads to high cholesterol? Your genes and lifestyle factors may not explain it all. A study presented today at the Canadian Cardiovascular Congress has connected some of the risk for high cholesterol in adults to their mother's cholesterol levels before she even became pregnant. ...> Full Article

Babies know when you're faking (10/25/2013)

In a study recently published in Infancy: The Official Journal of the International Society on Infant Studies, psychology researchers Sabrina Chiarella and Diane Poulin-Dubois demonstrate that infants can detect whether a person's emotions are justifiable given a particular context. ...> Full Article

Children born to teen mothers have delayed development, likely due to social factors (10/25/2013)

Babies born to teen mothers have less developed speaking skills at age five than children of older mothers, a new study has found. ...> Full Article

Home schooled children leaner than traditionally schooled kids (10/24/2013)

The results of a recent study show kids that are home-schooled are leaner than kids attending traditional schools. ...> Full Article

New article reveals why people with depression may struggle with parenthood (10/24/2013)

An article by researchers at the University of Exeter has shed light on the link between depression and poor parenting. The article identifies the symptoms of depression that are likely to cause difficulties with parenting. The findings could lead to more effective interventions to prevent depression and other psychological disorders from being passed from parent to child. ...> Full Article

What's best for depressed pregnant women and their infants? (10/23/2013)

Do the benefits of treating depressed pregnant women with antidepressants outweigh the risks of the drug exposure to their babies in terms of neonatal health and long-term development? That hotly debated question will be at the center of the 2013 Perinatal Mental Health Meeting Nov. 6-8 in Chicago. National experts from various fields will present new research findings on perinatal depression as well as offer workshops in how to best treat it with psychotherapy. ...> Full Article

Iron supplementation can provide cognitive and physical benefits to anemic children (10/22/2013)

Giving daily iron supplements to anemic primary-school-aged children can have cognitive and physical benefits, according to a study published in CMAJ. ...> Full Article

1 in 10 women drink a little alcohol while pregnant (10/21/2013)

Researchers in Norway found that negative affectivity is linked to light alcohol use and binge drinking during pregnancy. Results published in Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, a journal of the Nordic Federation of Societies of Obstetrics and Gynecology, show 16% of women had light alcohol use in the first trimester and 10% in the second trimester. Binge drinking occurred in 12% of women during their first trimester and 0.5% in the second trimester. ...> Full Article

Go to bed! Irregular bedtimes linked to behavioral problems in children (10/20/2013)

Researchers from UCL have found that children with irregular bedtimes are more likely to have behavioral difficulties. ...> Full Article

Postpartum depression spans generations (10/19/2013)

A recently published study suggests that exposure to social stress not only impairs a mother's ability to care for her children but can also negatively impact her daughter's ability to provide maternal care to future offspring. ...> Full Article

Study shows how infections in newborns are linked to later behavior problems (10/19/2013)

Researchers exploring the link between newborn infections and later behavior and movement problems have found that inflammation in the brain keeps cells from accessing iron that they need to perform a critical role in brain development. ...> Full Article

Something in the (expecting mother's) water (10/19/2013)

Pregnant women living in areas with contaminated drinking water may be more likely to have babies that are premature or with low birth weights (considered less than 5.5 pounds), according to a study based at Princeton University's Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs. ...> Full Article

School debit accounts lead to less healthy food choices and higher calorie meals (10/18/2013)

School debit accounts lead to less healthy food choices and higher calorie mealsMany school cafeterias adopt debit account payment systems as quick, convenient ways to keep lunch lines moving, but according to this study conducted by Cornell University's Food and Brand Lab researchers, putting it on the debit account may impact the health of kids' meals. Schools use debit systems without the option of paying with cash, students' lunches contained fewer fruits and vegetables, more unhealthy items, and more calories overall. ...> Full Article

Empathy helps children to understand sarcasm (10/18/2013)

The greater the empathy skills of children, the easier it is for them to recognize sarcasm, according to a new study in the open-access journal Frontiers in Psychology. ...> Full Article

Household chaos may be hazardous to a child's health (10/17/2013)

Kindergarten-age children have poorer health if their home life is marked by disorder, noise and a lack of routine and they have a mother who has a chaotic work life, new research suggests. ...> Full Article

A 'yes' to 1 drug could become 'yes' for other drugs (10/17/2013)

High school seniors who frown upon the use of drugs are most likely to be female, nonsmokers or hold strong religious beliefs, according to a study by Joseph Palamar of New York University. Palamar examines how teenagers' attitudes toward marijuana influenced their thoughts on the further use of other illicit drugs. The work appears online in the journal Prevention Science, published by Springer. ...> Full Article

Research shows 'advergames' promote unhealthy foods for kids (10/16/2013)

Not only do some online video games promote a less-than-active lifestyle for children, the content of some of these games also may be contributing to unhealthy diets. A team of Michigan State University researchers took a closer look at what are called advergames and found they have a tendency to promote foods that are chock full of fat, sugar and sodium. ...> Full Article

Study examines probiotics to prevent or treat excessive infant crying (10/15/2013)

There still appears to be insufficient evidence to support using probiotics (Lactobacillus reuteri) to manage colic or to prevent crying in infants, especially in formula-fed babies, but it may be an effective treatment for crying infants who are breastfed exclusively and have colic, according to a study by Valerie Sung, M.P.H., of the Murdoch Childrens Research Institute and Royal Children's Hospital, Australia, and colleagues. ...> Full Article

Babies learn to anticipate touch in the womb (10/14/2013)

Babies learn to anticipate touch in the wombBabies learn how to anticipate touch while in the womb, according to new research by Durham and Lancaster universities. ...> Full Article

New study shows link between car crashes and adverse pregnancy outcomes (10/13/2013)

A new study published in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine indicates that motor vehicle crashes can be hazardous for pregnant women, especially if they are not wearing a seat belt when the accident occurs. ...> Full Article

Abusive parenting may have a biological basis (10/12/2013)

Abusive parenting may have a biological basisParents who physically abuse their children appear to have a physiological response that subsequently triggers more harsh parenting when they attempt parenting in warm, positive ways, according to new research. ...> Full Article

5 regular meals a day reduce obesity risk among adolescents (10/11/2013)

A regular eating pattern may protect adolescents from obesity, according to a Finnish population-based study with more than 4,000 participants. When eating five meals -- breakfast, lunch, dinner and two snacks -- a day, even those with a genetic predisposition to obesity had no higher body mass index than their controls. ...> Full Article

Listening matters for mothers (10/10/2013)

Listening matters for mothersA University of Iowa study shows that mothers with prematurely born babies benefit emotionally and mentally from one-on-one sessions with a hospital nurse. The pilot "listening visits" may provide a framework for helping pre-term infant mothers combat anxiety and depression. Results were published in the Journal of Perinatology. ...> Full Article

Short-term hearing loss can cause long-term problem (10/9/2013)

Short-term hearing loss during childhood may lead to persistent hearing deficits, long after basic auditory sensitivity has returned to normal. The processing of sound in the brain is shaped by early experience. ...> Full Article

Emergency room visits for kids with concussions skyrocketing (10/8/2013)

Researchers report a skyrocketing increase in the number of visits to the emergency department for kids with sports-related traumatic brain injuries, such as concussions. The study, conducted by physicians at Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, shows that emergency visits for sports-related TBI increased 92 percent between 2002 and 2011. ...> Full Article

Psychotropic medication use, including stimulants, in young children leveling off (10/7/2013)

The use of psychotropic prescription medications to treat ADHD, mood disorders, anxiety and other mental health disorders in very young children appears to have leveled off. ...> Full Article

Understanding how infants acquire new words across cultures (10/6/2013)

Infants show strong universals as they acquire their native language, but a recent study with infants acquiring Korean also reveals that there are striking language differences. Sandra Waxman, Louis W. Menk Professor of Psychology at Northwestern University, is senior author of a new study providing the first ever evidence comparing how infants (monolingual, from Korea) acquiring Korean learn new nouns and verbs. 
 ...> Full Article

Responsive interactions key to toddlers' ability to learn language (10/5/2013)

Responsive interactions are the key to toddlers' ability to learn language, according to a new study. Researchers studied 36 two-year-olds, who learned new verbs either through training with a live person, live video chat technology such as Skype, or prerecorded video instruction. Children learned new words only when conversing with a person live and in the video chat, both of which involve responsive social interactions, thus highlighting the importance of responsive interactions for language learning. ...> Full Article

Sibling bullying: What's the big deal? (10/4/2013)

Sibling bullying is a type of violence that is prevalent in the lives of most children, but little is known about it, researchers say. Clemson University psychology professor Robin Kowalski said the phenomenon has been overlooked. ...> Full Article

Playing with blocks may help children's spatial and math thinking (10/3/2013)

Playing with blocks may help preschoolers develop the kinds of skills that support later learning in science, technology, engineering, and math, according to a new study that examined over a hundred three-year-olds of various socioeconomic levels. Researchers emphasized the importance of the study's implications because block building and puzzle play can improve children's spatial skills that in turn support complex mathematical problem solving in middle and high school. ...> Full Article

How peers influence teens' interest in studying math and science (10/2/2013)

How peers influence teens' interest in studying math and scienceDasgupta recently received a five-year, $1.5 million grant from the National Science Foundation to identify solutions to this problem. Women and minorities represent untapped human capital that could enhance the STEM workforce because together, they comprise more than 50 percent of the American population, she adds. ...> Full Article

Protein explains increased asthma severity in children exposed to diesel exhaust from traffic (10/1/2013)

A new study shows that exposure to diesel exhaust particles from traffic pollution leads to increased asthma severity in children. Moreover, the study finds that this is due to increased blood levels of IL-17A, a protein associated with several chronic inflammatory diseases, in children with high diesel exposure. ...> Full Article

New Articles
Certain parenting tactics could lead to materialistic attitudes in adulthoodCertain parenting tactics could lead to materialistic attitudes in adulthood

Even expectant dads experience prenatal hormone changes

A 2-minute delay in cutting the umbilical cord leads to a better development of newborns

Study finds low weight gain in pregnant women reduces male fetal survivalStudy finds low weight gain in pregnant women reduces male fetal survival

Prenatal exposure to common household chemicals linked with substantial drop in child IQ

Are you helping your toddler's aggressive behavior?

Punishing kids for lying just doesn't work

Higher birth weight indicates better performance in school

Are the benefits of breast milk stimulant worth the risk?

Many chest X-rays in children are unnecessaryMany chest X-rays in children are unnecessary

Why does physical activity during childhood matter?

Heavier newborns show academic edge in school

Why don't children belong to the clean plate club?Why don't children belong to the clean plate club?

New study examines the effect of timing of folic acid supplementation during pregnancy

Full-day preschool linked with increased school readiness compared with part-day

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